I always think how we can ensure sustainability in many aspects of life without the active participation of women being 51% of world population. For me, among the various interrelated factors that prevent women from enjoying their true benefits of development is the impact of climate change on women' lives.
Many of us try to think and analyze the relationship of societal structures and respect to women rights. When societies violate the rights of women, we cannot imagine a true sense of development. Women being the 51% of population have always remained less fortunate to exercise their basic rights. We particularly see this where men dominate decision making at the household, community and broader level. Gender sensitivity and gender responsiveness need efforts for behavioral change on the grounds, policy formulation and its implementation to ensure respect to women rights. In current situation, even if we make possible good progress towards gender responsiveness and respect to women rights, there will be still a big challenge that will obstruct true progress in this regard. That big challenge is Climate Change- a challenge we are unaware about. This is the challenge which has not only put survival of humanity at risk but will be no doubt lead to violation of women rights, worse than before.
How Climate Change will violate women rights and thus make true development as unsustainable? It is very simple and can be easily explained with the example of women role in rural communities. In Pakistan context, women in rural areas are usually responsible for number of activities such as fetching water, collecting fuel wood, fodder collection for livestock and helping their family members in farming. 67 % women are involved in food production while only 1% own land. Men, on the other hand migrate to other parts of the country or abroad to seek earning opportunities. With the increasing impacts of climate change, sources of fresh water will decrease. The droughts of 1999 and 2000 have already declined the water table. Deforestation will make shortage of fuel wood availability while the environmental degradation will degrade available water and land resources. This will ultimately increase burden on women to travel more for fetching water and other activities like fuel wood and fodder collection. With limited resources which are already degrading, needs would keep on increasing with increasing population. Many interrelated factors then make women vulnerable such as protection issues, health risks, less time for their own and no participation in local level development.
It becomes vital for policy makers and development professionals to integrate Climate Change and Gender to achieve the goals of sustainable development. We should not only limit our development strategies in social mobilization towards behavioral change and inclusion of women in development process. It should now be a step ahead to carefully review the consequences of Climate Change on women rights and their development in sustainable way. It is now no more the question of male dominance and deprivation of women from decision making but also the question of gender justice in relation with Climate variability.